Every year more than one hundred sharks are killed by humans as compared to only six humans by them.
Sharks are priced for their fins, meat, skins, teeth, their organs and cartilage.
In the recent years, sharks have been poached to an extent that some species may never recover. Inspite of alarming reports, there hasn't been an any change in the attitude. Laws have been enforced but its implement is too slow thus the progress in protecting sharks is negligible.
Few reasons which are leading to the death of sharks are listed below:
Commercial Fishing Practices
Sharks are frequently caught in nets or on hooks that are used for catching tuna or swordfish. Sharks often swim in groups that are of the same size and age. This means that a large population will be wiped out in one go. Due to such practices there is a significant reduction in the population of sharks.
The most destructive practice is Shark Finning in which only the fins are used for consumption.
People pay a fortune for dishes made of shark fin. But the cuisine is not that simple. Once the shark is in the net its fin and tails are chopped while the shark is alive and then the shark is thrown back into the water which ultimately leads to death of the shark. This practice is cruel and also wasteful, as the fin’s meat has no nutritional value.
Sharks have cartilage instead of bone. The cartilage is used for medicinal purposes and is also sold in powder or capsule form for cancer treatment. There is no evidence that these medicines are effective against the disease but they are extensively sold at exorbitant prices.